Liver Transplantation Results by Donor Age.

Transplantation proceedings

PubMedID: 27932128

Rabelo AV, Bastante MD, Raya AM, Méndez CS, Ramirez AR, Suarez YF. Liver Transplantation Results by Donor Age. Transplant Proc. 2016;48(9):2994-2996.
OBJECTIVE
The objective of this study was to compare liver transplantation outcomes as a function of donor age.

MATERIAL AND METHODS
We performed 212 liver transplantations between 2008 and 2014. We described a prospective cohort study and grouped the patients by liver donor age. We compared quantitative and categorical variables using statistical analysis.

RESULTS
No statistically significant differences were found among any graft age groups in gender (always more males), time on waiting list, age, height, Child Pugh Turcotte (CHILD) score, Model for End-stage Liver Disease (MELD) score, need for intraoperative blood products, or intensive care unit stay. The most frequent etiology of liver failure was alcohol. A brain-dead donor was the most frequent type in all groups. The whole graft was used except in 4 cases. No statistically significant differences were found among groups in the surgical technique, postreperfusion syndrome, arterial complications, biliary complications, venous complications, acute rejection, and retransplantation. The 3-year patient survival rate was 64% in the <60-year graft age group, 48% in the 60- to 69-year group, 64% in the 70- to 79-year group, and 40% in the =80-year group (P = .264). The 3-year graft survival rate was 62% in the <60-year graft age group, 47% in the 60- to 69-year group, 65% in the 70- to 79-year group, and 40% in the =80-year group (P = .295).

CONCLUSIONS
Given the need to increase the pool of liver donors, older donors should be considered as a source for liver transplantation, although careful selection is required.