Responses of primary cultured haemocytes derived from the marine gastropod Haliotis tuberculata to an industrial effluent exposure.

Cytotechnology

PubMedID: 27957649

Ladhar-Chaabouni R, Houel T, Serpentini A, Karray S, Lebel JM, Hamza-Chaffai A. Responses of primary cultured haemocytes derived from the marine gastropod Haliotis tuberculata to an industrial effluent exposure. Cytotechnology. 2016;.
This study assessed the responses of primary cultured haemocytes from the marine gastropod Haliotis tuberculata exposed to the increasing concentrations of industrial effluent (0, 0. 5, 1, 10, 15 and 20%) discharged into the Tunisian coastal area. Analyses showed the presence of metals such as cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), copper (Cu), manganese (Mn), zinc (Zn), nickel (Ni) and lead (Pb) in the effluent. The effects of this mixture of pollutants on abalone haemocyte parameters were reflected by a significant decrease of cell viability, phagocytotic activity and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production as well as morphological and lysosomal membrane alterations. Thus, these results indicated that our primary culture system represents a suitable in vitro model for monitoring of anthropogenic contaminants in aquatic environments.