Inpatient Hospitalization Costs Associated with Birth Defects Among Persons of All Ages - United States, 2013.

Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report

PubMedID: 28103210

Arth AC, Tinker SC, Simeone RM, Ailes EC, Cragan JD, Grosse SD. Inpatient Hospitalization Costs Associated with Birth Defects Among Persons of All Ages - United States, 2013. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2017;66(2):41-46.
In the United States, major structural or genetic birth defects affect approximately 3% of live births (1) and are responsible for 20% of infant deaths (2). Birth defects can affect persons across their lifespan and are the cause of significant lifelong disabilities. CDC used the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) 2013 National Inpatient Sample (NIS), a 20% stratified sample of discharges from nonfederal community hospitals, to estimate the annual cost of birth defect-associated hospitalizations in the United States, both for persons of all ages and by age group. Birth defect-associated hospitalizations had disproportionately high costs, accounting for 3. 0% of all hospitalizations and 5. 2% of total hospital costs. The estimated annual cost of birth defect-associated hospitalizations in the United States in 2013 was $22. 9 billion. Estimates of the cost of birth defect-associated hospitalizations offer important information about the impact of birth defects among persons of all ages on the overall health care system and can be used to prioritize prevention, early detection, and care.