Comparison of Mizoribine and Mycophenolate Mofetil With a Tacrolimus-Based Immunosuppressive Regimen in Living-Donor Kidney Transplantation Recipients: A Retrospective Study in China.

Transplantation proceedings

PubMedID: 28104150

Shi Y, Liu H, Chen XG, Shen ZY. Comparison of Mizoribine and Mycophenolate Mofetil With a Tacrolimus-Based Immunosuppressive Regimen in Living-Donor Kidney Transplantation Recipients: A Retrospective Study in China. Transplant Proc. 2017;49(1):26-31.
BACKGROUND
A retrospective study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms as well as the efficacy and safety of mizoribine (MZR) and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) in Chinese living-donor kidney transplantation (LDKT).

METHODS
Forty-two recipients enrolled between January 2012 and March 2014 were treated with either MZR (n = 22) or MMF (n = 20). All patients were treated in combination with a tacrolimus-based immunosuppressive regimen, besides the study drugs.

RESULTS
GI symptoms were observed in 1 of 22 patients (4.5%) and 10 of 20 patients (50%) in MZR treatment group and MMF treatment group, respectively (P = .001), during the post-transplantation 1 year. No significant differences in the incidence of acid reflux, bloated stomach feeling, and constipation were observed between the two groups. No recipient developed diarrhea in the MZR treatment group, whereas 30% of the MMF treatment group developed diarrhea (P = .007). The averages of GI symptom severity total score and diarrhea score were significantly lower in the MZR treatment group compare with MMF treatment group. There were no inter-group differences in background characteristics. There were no significant differences in acute rejection rate and clinical findings between these two groups, whereas the prevalence of cytomegalovirus infection and leukopenia were significantly lower in the MZR treatment group. There was no significant difference on adverse events such as hyperuricemia or other adverse events.

CONCLUSIONS
This study demonstrated a significantly lower incidence of GI symptoms for treatment with MZR compared with MMF and good efficacy and safety in Chinese LDKT with MZR.