Fast isolation and ex vivo culture of circulating tumor cells from the peripheral blood of lung cancer patients.

Yi chuan = Hereditas / Zhongguo yi chuan xue hui bian ji

PubMedID: 28115307

Wenjun W, Zhihua W, Zhuo W, Yuliang D, Qihui S. Fast isolation and ex vivo culture of circulating tumor cells from the peripheral blood of lung cancer patients. Yi Chuan. 2017;39(1):66-74.
Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are free tumor cells shed from tumor site and enter into blood circulation. CTCs represent a reliable source of tumor cells for the molecular characteristics of the original tumor. However, the extraordinary rarity of CTCs makes the subsequent molecular and functional analysis technically challenging. Here, we describe a one-step microfludics-based immunomagnetic isolation method to isolate CTCs directly from the whole blood of lung adenocarcinoma patients. This method avoids harsh sample preparation and enrichment steps, and therefore preserves the viability (>90%) of CTCs during the in vitro isolation. The isolated CTCs are enriched in small volume (80 ┬ÁL) and cultured ex vivo that leads to successful ex vivo expansion. The expanded CTCs can be frozen and thawed, which shows cell line property. Genetic sequencing on EGFR?KRAS?PIK3CA?TP53 and BRAF and metabolic assay (2-NBDG) are utilized to characterize the expanded CTCs. Our results demostrated that this method is suitable for ex vivo expansion of CTCs facilitates. The genomic, proteomic and metabolic analyses of CTCs have guiding significance in tumor precise treatment.