Airflow resistance measurement for a layer of granular material based on the Helmholtz resonance phenomenon.

Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry

PubMedID: 28114860

Nishizu T, Tomatsu E, Katsuno N. Airflow resistance measurement for a layer of granular material based on the Helmholtz resonance phenomenon. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2017;1-8.
A Helmholtz resonance technique was employed to predict the airflow resistance of layers of granular materials, namely glass beads, brown rice, soybean, adzuki beans, and corn kernels. Each granular sample was placed on the tube mouth of an open-type Helmholtz resonator. The resonant frequency was determined by measuring the electric impedance of a loudspeaker that was installed in the resonator and driven by a chirp signal linearly sweeping from 90 to 220 Hz for 6. 0 s. For a changing sample layer thickness, the resonant frequency was measured, and the specific airflow resistance was calculated by measuring the static pressure drop required for N2 gas to flow through the layer at a constant velocity of 0. 042 m/s. When the thickness of the layer was fixed, the Helmholtz resonant frequency decreased as the specific airflow resistance increased, regardless of the kind of granular material.