The Relationship Between Brown Adipose Tissue Content in Supraclavicular Fat Depots and Insulin Sensitivity in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Prediabetes.

Diabetes technology & therapeutics

PubMedID: 28118051

Koksharova E, Ustyuzhanin D, Philippov Y, Mayorov A, Shestakova M, Shariya M, Ternovoy S, Dedov I. The Relationship Between Brown Adipose Tissue Content in Supraclavicular Fat Depots and Insulin Sensitivity in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Prediabetes. Diabetes Technol Ther. 2017;19(2):96-102.
BACKGROUND
The evaluation of brown adipose tissue (BAT) and its role in metabolism and obesity remains an important topic in the recent literature. This study evaluated the influence of the BAT triglyceride content measured by proton magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) and prediabetes on insulin sensitivity.

METHODS
A total of 25 patients with DM2 and prediabetes (45.9?±?10.1 years old, body mass index [BMI] of 31.6?±?5.4?kg/m(2)) underwent anthropometric measurements (BMI), insulin sensitivity analysis (M value during euglycemic hyperinsulinemic clamp and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance), proton MR spectroscopy, and blood tests (total cholesterol, low-density lipoproteins, high-density lipoproteins, and triglycerides). The relationship between the triglyceride content in the supraclavicular fat depot and insulin sensitivity, anthropometric measurements, and blood test results was assessed.

RESULTS
The triglyceride content in the supraclavicular fat depot varied between 79.2% and 97.1% (mean: 92.6%?±?4.2%). The triglyceride content in the subcutaneous white adipose tissue of the neck was significantly higher (85.3%-99.3%; mean: 95.5%?±?2.9%; P?=?0.0007). The triglyceride content in the supraclavicular fat depot exhibited a significantly moderate correlation with the BMI (r?=?0.64; P?=?0.0009). A significant weak negative correlation between the supraclavicular fat content and M value was revealed (r?=?-0.44; P?=?0.002). Patients with high insulin resistance (IR) had a higher triglyceride content in the supraclavicular fat depot than patients with normal and lower IR (94.3%?±?2.0% vs. 90.4%?±?5.2%; P?=?0.02).

CONCLUSIONS
Reducing the BAT content in the supraclavicular fat depot can influence the development of IR in patients with DM2 and prediabetes.