Polarization dependence of plasmon enhanced fluorescence on Au nanorod array.

Applied optics

PubMedID: 28157895

Zhang M, Li C, Wang C, Zhang C, Wang Z, Han Q, Zheng H. Polarization dependence of plasmon enhanced fluorescence on Au nanorod array. Appl Opt. 2017;56(3):375-379.
The spatial anisotropy of Au nanorod results in two distinct orientational modes by which the polarization orientation dependence of excitation and emission can be studied. In this work, a periodical distributed metallic nanostructure substrate, which contains an array of Au nanorods, is synthesized, and the polarization dependence of the plasmon enhanced fluorescence effect is investigated experimentally and numerically. It is found that the fluorescence emission enhancement of organic probe fluorophores located at the surface of Au nanorods depends on the polarization angle very sensitively. Different polarization orientations of the excitation light result in very different enhancement effects. As a result, the change of the polarization orientation of the excitation light can be a sensitive marker of surface chemistry and other possible practical applications.