Siglec-7 restores ß-cell function and survival and reduces inflammation in pancreatic islets from patients with diabetes.

Scientific reports

PubMedID: 28378743

Dharmadhikari G, Stolz K, Hauke M, Morgan NG, Varki A, de Koning E, Kelm S, Maedler K. Siglec-7 restores ß-cell function and survival and reduces inflammation in pancreatic islets from patients with diabetes. Sci Rep. 2017;745319.
Chronic inflammation plays a key role in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Cytokine and chemokine production within the islets in a diabetic milieu results in ß-cell failure and diabetes progression. Identification of targets, which both prevent macrophage activation and infiltration into islets and restore ß-cell functionality is essential for effective diabetes therapy. We report that certain Sialic-acid-binding immunoglobulin-like-lectins (siglecs) are expressed in human pancreatic islets in a cell-type specific manner. Siglec-7 was expressed on ß-cells and down-regulated in type 1 and type 2 diabetes and in infiltrating activated immune cells. Over-expression of Siglec-7 in diabetic islets reduced cytokines, prevented ß-cell dysfunction and apoptosis and reduced recruiting of migrating monocytes. Our data suggest that restoration of human Siglec-7 expression may be a novel therapeutic strategy targeted to both inhibition of immune activation and preservation of ß-cell function and survival.