Dynamic Control of Topological Defects in Artificial Colloidal Ice.

Scientific reports

PubMedID: 28381863

Libál A, Nisoli C, Reichhardt C, Reichhardt CJ. Dynamic Control of Topological Defects in Artificial Colloidal Ice. Sci Rep. 2017;7(1):651.
We demonstrate the use of an external field to stabilize and control defect lines connecting topological monopoles in spin ice. For definiteness we perform Brownian dynamics simulations with realistic units mimicking experimentally realized artificial colloidal spin ice systems, and show how defect lines can grow, shrink or move under the action of direct and alternating fields. Asymmetric alternating biasing forces can cause the defect line to ratchet in either direction, making it possible to precisely position the line at a desired location. Such manipulation could be employed to achieve mobile information storage in these metamaterials.