Evaluation of gastric emptying time, gastrointestinal transit time, sedation score, and nausea score associated with intravenous constant rate infusion of lidocaine hydrochloride in clinically normal dogs.

American journal of veterinary research

PubMedID: 28441056

Johnson RA, Kierski KR, Jones BG. Evaluation of gastric emptying time, gastrointestinal transit time, sedation score, and nausea score associated with intravenous constant rate infusion of lidocaine hydrochloride in clinically normal dogs. Am J Vet Res. 2017;78(5):550-557.
OBJECTIVE
To quantify nausea and sedation scores, gastric emptying time, and gastrointestinal transit time after IV administration of a lidocaine hydrochloride bolus followed by a constant rate infusion (CRI) in clinically normal dogs.

ANIMALS
6 Beagles.

PROCEDURES
In a crossover study, dogs were fed thirty 1.5-mm barium-impregnated spheres (BIPS) and received a saline (0. 9% NaCl) solution bolus (0. 05 mL/kg) IV (time 0) followed by a CRI at 10 mL/h, a lidocaine bolus (1 mg/kg) IV followed by a CRI at 25 µg/kg/min, or a lidocaine bolus (1 mg/kg) IV followed by a CRI at 50 µg/kg/min; CRIs were for 12 hours. Nausea and sedation scores were assessed and abdominal radiographs obtained immediately after feeding of BIPS and every hour for 12 hours and again 16 hours after CRI start. Percentage of BIPSs in the small and large intestines, gastric emptying time, and gastrointestinal transit time were assessed.

RESULTS
Gastric emptying time did not differ significantly among treatments.Significantly more BIPS were in the large intestine 4 to 7 hours after treatment start for the 50-µg/kg/min treatment than for the other 2 treatments. Six hours after treatment start, significantly more BIPS were in the large intestine for the 25-µg/kg/min treatment than for the saline solution treatment. Higher sedation and nausea scores were associated with the 50-µg/kg/min CRI.

CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE
In clinically normal dogs, lidocaine CRI did not significantly affect gastric emptying.However, gastrointestinal transit time was mildly decreased and sedation and nausea scores increased in dogs administered a lidocaine CRI at clinically used doses.