HPV prevalence and type distribution in Cypriot women with cervical cytological abnormalities.

BMC infectious diseases

PubMedID: 28511636

Krashias G, Koptides D, Christodoulou C. HPV prevalence and type distribution in Cypriot women with cervical cytological abnormalities. BMC Infect Dis. 2017;17(1):346.
BACKGROUND
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted agent, and it can cause cervical lesions and cancer in females. Currently, information regarding the prevalence of HPV in Cyprus is lacking. The aim of this study was to evaluate the HPV type-specific prevalence in 596 women, aged 19-65 years, with cytological abnormalities. Additionally, in a subset of 348 women for whom cytology results of the Pap test were available, the association between HPV infection and cervical disease was investigated.

METHODS
HPV detection and typing was carried out using PCR and restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis, respectively.

RESULTS
Overall, the HPV prevalence was 72.8%, and it was shown to be age dependent, with a decreasing prevalence until the age of 45 years (p = 0.0018, ?(2)). Two hundred and fifty-eight women (59.4%) were infected with high-risk HPV, 151 (34.8%) with low-risk HPV, and 25 (5.8%) with HPV types of unknown risk. The most common high-risk HPV type was HPV16 (17.7%), followed by HPV31 (12.9%), HPV58 (7.1%), HPV68 (4.6%), HPV18 (4.1%), and HPV56 (3.7%). Among the women for whom cytology results were available, 268 (77%) were HPV positive, with a sample distribution as follows: 188 (74%) had atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS), 61 (85.9%) had low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (L-SIL), and 19 (82.6%) had high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (H-SIL). HPV16 was the most common type among women affected by L-SIL (19.7%) and H-SIL (15.8%), with HPV31 being the most common type in women affected by ASCUS (16.5%).

CONCLUSIONS
The present study provides the first epidemiological data related to HPV prevalence and type distribution in Cypriot women with cytological abnormalities.