Predictors of fifty days in-hospital mortality in patients with culture negative neutrocytic ascites.

BMC gastroenterology

PubMedID: 28511674

Bal CK, Bhatia V, Daman R. Predictors of fifty days in-hospital mortality in patients with culture negative neutrocytic ascites. BMC Gastroenterol. 2017;17(1):64.
BACKGROUND
Culture negative neutrocytic ascites is a variant of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis. But there are conflicting reports regarding the mortality associated with culture negativeneutrocytic ascites. Therefore we aim to determine the predictors of mortality associated with culture negativeneutrocytic ascites in a larger sample population.

METHODS
We analysed 170 patients consecutively admitted to intensive care unit with diagnosis of culture negative neutrocytic ascites. The clinical, laboratory parameters, etiology of liver cirrhosis was determined along with the scores like model for end stage liver disease, child turcotte pugh were recorded.

RESULTS
The 50 day in-hospital mortality rate in culture negative neutrocytic ascites was 39.41% (n?=?67). In univariate analysis, means of parameters like total leucocyte count, urea, bilirubin, alanine transaminase, aspartate transaminase, international normalized ratio, acute kidney injury, septic shock, hepatic encephalopathy and model for end stage liver disease were significantly different among survived and those who died (P value =0.05). Cox proportional regression model showed the hazard ratio (HR) of acute kidney injury was 2.212 (95% CI: 1.334-3.667), septic shock (HR?=?1.895, 95% CI: 1.081-3.323) and model for end stage liver disease (HR?=?1.054, 95% CI: 1.020-1.090). Receiver operating characteristics curve showed aspartate aminotransferase (AST) had highest area under the curve 0.761 (95% CI: 0.625-0.785).

CONCLUSION
Patients with culture negative neutrocytic ascites have a mortality rate comparable to spontaneous bacterial peritonitis. aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), acute kidney injury (AKI), model for end stage liver disease (MELD) and septic shock are the independent predictors of 50 days in-hospital mortality in culture negative neutrocytic ascites.