Beneficial influence of ellagic acid on biochemical indexes associated with experimentally induced colon carcinogenesis.

Journal of cancer research and therapeutics

PubMedID: 28508835

Syed U, Ganapasam S. Beneficial influence of ellagic acid on biochemical indexes associated with experimentally induced colon carcinogenesis. J Cancer Res Ther. 2017;13(1):62-68.
OBJECTIVE
To elucidate the key biochemical indexes associated with 1, 2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH)-induced colon carcinogenesis and the modulatory efficacy of a dietary polyphenol, ellagic acid (EA).

MATERIALS AND METHODS
Wistar rats were chosen to study objective, and were divided into 4 groups; Group 1-control rats; Group 2-rats received EA (60 mg/kg body weight/day, orally); rats in Group 3-induced with DMH (20 mg/kg body weight) subcutaneously for 15 weeks; DMH-induced Group 4 rats were initiated with EA treatment. We examined key citric acid cycle enzymes such as isocitrate dehydrogenase, alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase, succinate dehydrogenase, malate dehydrogenase and the activities of respiratory chain enzymes NADH dehydrogenase and Cytochrome-C-oxidase and membrane-bound enzyme profiles (Na +/K + ATPase, Ca 2+ ATPase and Mg 2+ ATPase), activities of lysosomal proteases such as ß-D-glucuronidase, ß-galactosidase and N-acety-ß-D-glucosaminidase and cellular thiols (oxidized glutathione, protein thiols, and total thiols).

RESULTS
It was found that administration of DMH to rats decreased both mitochondrial and membrane-bound enzymes activities, increased activities of lysosomal enzymes and further modulates cellular thiols levels. Treatment with EA significantly restored the mitochondrial and ATPases levels and further reduced lysosomal enzymes to near normalcy thereby restoring harmful effects induced by DMH.

CONCLUSION
EA treatment was able to effectively restore the detrimental effects induced by DMH, which proves the chemoprotective function of EA against DMH-induced experimental colon carcinogenesis.