Feline Herpesvirus Pneumonia: Investigations Into the Pathogenesis.

Veterinary pathology

PubMedID: 28812530

Monne Rodriguez JM, Leeming G, Köhler K, Kipar A. Feline Herpesvirus Pneumonia: Investigations Into the Pathogenesis. Vet Pathol. 2017;300985817720982.
Feline herpesvirus type 1 (FeHV-1) is one of the etiological agents of feline respiratory disease. FeHV-1 is an epitheliotropic and cytopathic virus that mainly causes rhinitis and conjunctivitis, although pneumonia is also occasionally seen. In this study, the authors investigated the pathogenesis of FeHV-1-associated pneumonia, comparing natural cases with viral infection of tracheal ring and cell cultures in vitro, using histology, immunohistology, double immunofluorescence, and transmission electron microscopy as investigative tools. THE RESULTS
confirm that FeHV-1 targets both respiratory epithelial cells and pneumocytes and indicate that FeHV-1 pneumonia is the consequence of continuous cell-to-cell viral spread from the upper airways via the trachea into the lungs.They provide strong evidence that FeHV-1-infected cells die primarily via apoptosis, following loss of cell-to-cell contact, rounding, and detachment. However, virus-induced lesions in vivo are dominated by marked neutrophil infiltration and extensive necrosis with less prominent apoptosis; in the airways, the tissue necrosis can extend into the submucosa. The necrosis appears to result from virus-induced neutrophil influx and release of proteolytic enzymes, such as matrix metalloproteinase-9, from the neutrophils.