[Brucellosis in Chile: Description of a series of 13 cases].

Revista chilena de infectologia : organo oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectologia

PubMedID: 28991320

Olivares R, Vidal P, Sotomayor C, Norambuena M, Luppi M, Silva F, Cifuentes M. [Brucellosis in Chile: Description of a series of 13 cases]. Rev Chilena Infectol. 2017;34(3):243-247.
Brucellosis is a zoonosis caused by Brucella spp. It may be acquired by consuming unpasteurized dairy products. Brucellosis has a low incidence in Chile, thus, we have a scarce data.

To report and to characterize the first series of clinical cases of adult patients diagnosed with brucellosis in Chile.

We describe a series of 13 clinical cases in patients diagnosed between 2000 and 2016 in three different centers in the Metropolitan Region, Chile. A retrospective analysis was performed on clinical presentation, laboratory, antibiotic treatment, morbidity and mortality.

The mean age was 50 years old. Eight cases had a record of consumption of unpasteurized dairy products. The most frequently reported complaints were fever. The most frequent focal point involved was the spine. Only one patient had a positive blood culture, while the diagnosis was made using serological techniques in the other part of the group. The most indicated antibiotic regimens were doxycycline-rifampicin and doxycycline-gentamicin. The hospital stay was 20 days approximately as an average. Clinical cure was achieved in all cases.

Brucellosis is an infrequent zoonosis in Chile, and it produces a nonspecific clinical picture, so it is necessary to have high suspicion to make the diagnosis based in the antecedent of consumption of unpasteurized dairy or raw meat.