[Epidemiological characterization of bites on people, as emergency care record: Province of Los Andes, Chile].

Revista chilena de infectologia : organo oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectologia

PubMedID: 28991316

Villagra V, Cáceres D, Alvarado S, Salinas E, Caldera ML, Lucero E, Viviani P, Torres M. [Epidemiological characterization of bites on people, as emergency care record: Province of Los Andes, Chile]. Rev Chilena Infectol. 2017;34(3):212-220.
BACKGROUND
Bites constitute a public health problem worldwide.

AIM
To characterize epidemiologically bites by animals happened in the province of Los Andes (2005-2007).

METHOD
Descriptive, retrospective epidemiological study. Studied variables: Bitten person (BP), accident by bite, biting animal and bite. It was not feasible to obtain more updated information by law of patient protection.

RESULTS
2,360 BP were assisted in the emergency unit of San Juan de Dios Hospital and Rio Blanco clinic. An annual average rate of 729 BP/100,000 inhabitants and 1.99 daily average was recorded. The male gender was most affected (53.5%) and the age group from 6 to 10 years old. (Rate: .521/100,000). Most frequent topographic location was the lower limb, except in children under 5 year olds in whom predominated head and neck. The biting animal according to frequency was: the dog (67.1%) spider (7.1%) and cat (3.9%). The animal property was 35.6% known and 30.7% own. The most frequent problems were: nonspecific allergy; toxic effect by spider bites and among the infections, the disease made by cat?s scratch stands out. Regarding the record system, the biting animal complaint was applied to 47.6% of the BP and the 92.8% of the recorded information was incomplete.

CONCLUSIONS
Bites reported higher rates in the province of Los Andes than the average of the country (729 versus 188/100,000), standing out the higher magnitude in 6 to 10 year-old-children. It is noticed that the record is low and incomplete. In this province, no bite control programs or updated studies have been carried out.