Urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin and monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 as biomarkers for lupus nephritis in Colombian SLE patients.

Lupus

PubMedID: 29073812

Gómez-Puerta JA, Ortiz-Reyes B, Urrego T, Vanegas-García AL, Muñoz CH, González LA, Cervera R, Vásquez G. Urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin and monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 as biomarkers for lupus nephritis in Colombian SLE patients. Lupus. 2017;961203317738226.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION
regarding urinary biomarkers in Mestizo and Afro-Latin-American patients is very limited.We investigated whether levels of urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), and monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1) are good biomarkers to differentiate patients with lupus nephritis among Latin-American systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients.

METHODS
SLE patients meeting the revised American College of Rheumatology classification criteria for SLE were recruited.Urinary levels of NGAL and MCP-1 were measured using a commercial ELISA kit. Serum anti-C1q antibodies were measured by ELISA. SLE activity was measured with the systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index (SLEDAI). Mann-Whitney tests were used to compare data and Spearman's rank correlations were used to examine associations between continuous variables. In addition, receiver operating characteristic curves were performed.

RESULTS
One hundred and twenty SLE patients were recruited (87% women) with a median age of 32.8?±?12. 1 years and median disease duration of 7. 3?±?6. 9 years. Afro-Latin-Americans had a significantly higher prevalence of lupus nephritis and higher SLEDAI scores than Mestizos. The three biomarkers were significantly higher in patients with lupus nephritis than in patients without lupus nephritis. In addition, urinary NGAL and MCP-1 were significantly higher in patients with active lupus nephritis than in inactive lupus nephritis. Urinary NGAL levels were significantly higher in Afro-Latin-American patients. A receiver operating characteristic curve for urinary biomarkers for lupus nephritis in all SLE patients showed a good level of sensitivity and specificity.

CONCLUSION
In our cohort of SLE patients, we found that urinary NGAL and MCP-1 in addition to anti-C1q antibodies were useful biomarkers for the identification of renal involvement and discrimination of active lupus nephritis among patients with renal disease.