Threshold collision-induced dissociation and theoretical study of protonated azobenzene.

The Journal of chemical physics

PubMedID: 29096519

Rezaee M, McNary CP, Armentrout PB. Threshold collision-induced dissociation and theoretical study of protonated azobenzene. J Chem Phys. 2017;147(16):164308.
Protonated azobenzene (AB), H(+)(C6H5N2C6H5), has been studied using threshold collision-induced dissociation in a guided ion beam tandem mass spectrometer. Product channels observed are C6H5N2(+) + C6H6 and C6H5(+) + N2 + C6H6. The experimental kinetic energy-dependent cross sections were analyzed using a statistical model that accounts for internal and kinetic energy distributions of the reactants, multiple collisions, and kinetic shifts. From this analysis, the activation energy barrier height of 2. 02 ± 0. 11 eV for benzene loss is measured. To identify the transition states (TSs) and intermediates (IMs) for these dissociations, relaxed potential energy surface (PES) scans were performed at the B3LYP/aug-cc-pVTZ level of theory. The PES indicates that there is a substantial activation energy along the dissociation reaction coordinate that is the rate-limiting step for benzene loss and at some levels of theory, for subsequent N2 loss as well. Relative energies of the reactant, TSs, IMs, and products were calculated at B3LYP, wB97XD, M06, PBEPBE, and MP2(full) levels of theory using both 6-311++G(2d,2p) and aug-cc-pVTZ basis sets. Comparison of the experimental results with theoretical values from various computational methods indicates how well these theoretical methods can predict thermochemical properties. In addition to these density functional theory and MP2 methods, several high accuracy multi-level calculations such as CBS-QB3, G3, G3MP2, G3B3MP2, G4, and G4MP2 were performed to determine the thermochemical properties of AB including the proton affinity and gas-phase basicity, and to compare the performance of different theoretical methods.