Visibility of mammographically occult breast cancer on diffusion-weighted MRI versus ultrasound.

Clinical imaging

PubMedID: 29120813

Amornsiripanitch N, Rahbar H, Kitsch AE, Lam DL, Weitzel B, Partridge SC. Visibility of mammographically occult breast cancer on diffusion-weighted MRI versus ultrasound. Clin Imaging. 2017;4937-43.
PURPOSE
To investigate the visibility of mammographically occult breast cancers on diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) versus ultrasound.

MATERIALS AND METHODS
Mammographically occult breast cancers (n=60) initially detected on contrast-enhanced MRI that underwent pre-biopsy targeted ultrasound were retrospectively evaluated for visibility on DWI and ultrasound.

RESULTS
More cancers were visible on DWI than ultrasound (78% vs. 63%; p=0.049), with 32 (53%) visible on both and 7 (12%) not visible on either. Visibility differences were more significant in larger lesions (92% vs. 68%, p=0.006).

CONCLUSION
DWI may detect more mammographically occult cancers than ultrasound, warranting further investigation as an alternative supplemental screening technique.