Massive hemoptysis from pulmonary ligament artery supplying abnormal basal segments of the lower lobe.

Acta radiologica (Stockholm, Sweden : 1987)

PubMedID: 23588153

Liu ZS, Li XQ, Li C, Zhou LJ, Wang JX, Wang W, Sun Y, Kuang XW. Massive hemoptysis from pulmonary ligament artery supplying abnormal basal segments of the lower lobe. Acta Radiol. 2013;54(6):652-5.
BACKGROUND
Non-bronchial systemic arteries can be a signi?cant source of massive hemoptysis in patients with marked pleural involvement. However, in some cases without pleural involvement, the pulmonary ligament artery (PLA) can also enter the abnormal lung parenchyma and be responsible for hemoptysis.

PURPOSE
To discuss the factors influencing the development of a blood supply from the PLA in patients with hemoptysis.

MATERIAL AND METHODS
Seventy-five consecutive patients who underwent bronchial artery embolization (BAE) for massive hemoptysis were evaluated between January 2006 and December 2011 retrospectively. Selective arteriography showed an enlarged and tortuous PLA in five patients. CT was done to determine the site and extent of the underlying diseases before BAE in all patients. Angiographic and CT images were analyzed to determine if there was a relationship between PLA supply and location of the underlying disease or mediastinal pleural involvement.

RESULTS
The underlying lesions of six patients involved the basal segments of the lower lobe without marked mediastinal pleural thickening or adhesion, but diaphragmatic and lateral pleural thickening was observed in one case. Of these six patients, the PLA supplied blood to the lesions related to the hemoptysis in five patients. No patient with massive hemoptysis whose underlying lesions involved other segments of lung had a PLA supplying the lesions.

CONCLUSION
Even though pleural involvement is absent, underlying lesions involving the basal segments of the lower lobe could be a good indicator that the PLA is the cause of bleeding in patients with massive hemoptysis.