New insights into the complex mixture of latex cysteine peptidases in Calotropis procera.

International journal of biological macromolecules

PubMedID: 23583491

Ramos MV, Araújo ES, Jucá TL, Monteiro-Moreira AC, Vasconcelos IM, Moreira RA, Viana CA, Beltramini LM, Pereira DA, Moreno FB. New insights into the complex mixture of latex cysteine peptidases in Calotropis procera. Int J Biol Macromol. 2013;58211-9.
The latex of Calotropis procera is a rich source of proteolytic activity. This latex is known to contain two distinct cysteine peptidases: procerain and procerain B. In this study, new cysteine peptidases were purified from C. procera latex. The enzymes were purified by two sequential ion-exchange chromatography steps (CM-Sepharose plus Resource S(®)) at pH 5.0 and 6.0. The purified enzymes had molecular mass spectra corresponding to CpCP-1=26,213, CpCP-2=26,133 and CpCP-3=25,086 Da. These enzymes exhibited discrete differences in terms of enzymatic activity at a broad range of pH and temperature conditions and contained identical N-terminal amino acid sequences. In these respects, these three new proteins are distinct from those previously studied (procerain and procerain B). Circular dichroism analysis revealed that the new peptidases contain extensive secondary structures, a(15-20%) and ß(26-30%), that were stabilized by disulfide bonds. The purified enzymes exhibited plasma-clotting activity mediated by a thrombin-like mechanism. The set of results suggest the three isolated polypeptides correspond to different post-translationally processed forms of the same protein.