Cytotoxic effect of Agaricus bisporus and Lactarius rufus ß-D-glucans on HepG2 cells.

International journal of biological macromolecules

PubMedID: 23537799

Pires Ado R, Ruthes AC, Cadena SM, Acco A, Gorin PA, Iacomini M. Cytotoxic effect of Agaricus bisporus and Lactarius rufus ß-D-glucans on HepG2 cells. Int J Biol Macromol. 2013;5895-103.
The cytotoxic activity of ß-D-glucans isolated from Agaricus bisporus and Lactarius rufus fruiting bodies was evaluated on human hepatocellular carcinoma cells (HepG2). NMR and methylation analysis suggest that these ß-d-glucans were composed of a linear (1?6)-linked and a branched (1?3), (1?6)-linked backbone, respectively. They both decreased cell viability at concentrations of up to 100 µg mL(-1), as shown by MTT assay. The amount of LDH released and the analysis of cell morphology corroborated these values and also showed that the ß-D-glucan of L. rufus was more cytotoxic to HepG2 cells than that of A. bisporus. The treatment of HepG2 cells with L. rufus and A. bisporus ß-D-glucans at a dose of 200 µg mL(-1) for 24h promoted an increase of cytochrome c release and a decrease of ATP content, suggesting that these polysaccharides could promote cell death by apoptosis. Both ß-D-glucans were tested against murine primary hepatocytes at a dose of 200 µg mL(-1). The results suggest that the L. rufus ß-d-glucan was as cytotoxic for hepatocytes as for HepG2 cells, whereas the A. bisporus ß-D-glucan, under the same conditions, was cytotoxic only for HepG2 cells, suggesting cell selectivity. These results open new possibilities for use of mushroom ß-D-glucans in cancer therapy.