Initial validity and reliability of the Banff Patella Instability Instrument.

American Journal of Sports Medicine

PubMedID: 23649006

Hiemstra LA, Kerslake S, Lafave MR, Heard SM, Buchko GM, Mohtadi NG. Initial validity and reliability of the Banff Patella Instability Instrument. Am J Sports Med. 2013;41(7):1629-35.
BACKGROUND
Patellofemoral instability is a well-recognized problem, but there are currently no published patient-reported quality of life outcome measures that are disease specific for the treatment of this population.

PURPOSE
To establish the content validity, initial construct validity, and initial reliability of the Banff Patella Instability Instrument (BPII).

STUDY DESIGN
Cohort study (diagnosis); Level of evidence, 2.

METHODS
The content of the BPII was validated using a modified 3-stage Ebel procedure and analysis of floor and ceiling effects. As a measure of internal consistency, the Cronbach a was utilized to assess how reliably the 32 items of the questionnaire measured a similar construct. Test-retest reliability of the BPII was calculated using an intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). Construct validity was evaluated on 150 questionnaires completed by patients with a confirmed diagnosis of patellofemoral instability. A one-way between-group analysis of variance was employed to determine if the BPII was able to differentiate between patients presenting at the initial orthopaedic consultation relative to patients presenting at 6 months and 12 months postoperatively.

RESULTS
Content validity was clearly established as each item in the BPII achieved a minimum of 83.3% agreement (range, 83.3%-100%) for relevance among the expert panelists. The average agreement was 96.9%; 24 items achieved 100% agreement. There was no evidence of floor or ceiling effects. Reliability (internal consistency) of the BPII was established at the initial orthopaedic consultation (a = .91), 6 months postoperatively (a = .97), and 12 months postoperatively (a = .97). Test-retest analysis resulted in an ICC of 0.98 between tests. Construct validity was established as there was a statistically significant difference in BPII scores at the initial orthopaedic consultation and 6-month and 12-month postoperative appointments (F2,146 = 75.62; P < .001).

CONCLUSION
The BPII demonstrates content validity, strong initial reliability, and a statistically significant level of construct validity in patients with patellofemoral instability. This population includes patients with recurrent patellofemoral instability as well as surgically stabilized patients.