Interaction of 9-O-(?-amino) alkyl ether berberine analogs with poly(dT)·poly(dA)*poly(dT) triplex and poly(dA)·poly(dT) duplex: a comparative study.

Molecular biology reports

PubMedID: 23666107

Bhowmik D, Kumar GS. Interaction of 9-O-(?-amino) alkyl ether berberine analogs with poly(dT)·poly(dA)*poly(dT) triplex and poly(dA)·poly(dT) duplex: a comparative study. Mol Biol Rep. 2013;40(9):5439-50.
Isoquinoline alkaloids and their analogs represent an important class of molecules for their broad range of clinical and pharmacological utility. These compounds are of current interest owing to their low toxicity and excellent chemo preventive properties. These alkaloids can play important role in stabilising the nucleic acid triple helices. The present study has focused on the interaction of five 9-O-(?-amino) alkyl ether berberine analogs with the DNA triplex poly(dT)·poly(dA)*poly(dT) and the parent duplex poly(dA)·poly(dT) studied using various biophysical techniques. Scatchard analysis of the spectral data indicated that the analogs bind both to the duplex and triplex in a non-cooperative manner in contrast to the cooperative binding of berberine to the DNA triplex. Strong intercalative binding to the DNA triplex structure was revealed from ferrocyanide quenching, fluorescence polarization and viscosity results. Thermal melting studies demonstrated higher stabilization of the Hoogsteen base paired third strand of the DNA triplex compared to the Watson-Crick strand. Circular dichroism studies suggested a stronger perturbation of the DNA triplex conformation by the alkaloid analogs compared to the duplex. The binding was entropy-driven in each case and the entropy contribution to free energy increased as the length of the alkyl side chain increased. The analogs exhibited stronger binding affinity to the triple helical structure compared to the parent double helical structure.