Evaluation and comparison of the internal fit and marginal accuracy of base metal (nickelchromium) and zirconia copings before and after ceramic veneering: a sem study.

The European journal of prosthodontics and restorative dentistry

PubMedID: 23682510

Regish KM, Sharma D, Prithviraj DR, Nair A, Raghavan R. Evaluation and comparison of the internal fit and marginal accuracy of base metal (nickelchromium) and zirconia copings before and after ceramic veneering: a sem study. Eur J Prosthodont Restor Dent. 2013;21(1):44-8.
This study compares the internal fit and marginal adaptation of copy milled Zirconia copings with Nickel-Chromium (Ni-Cr) copings fabricated using a lost wax technique before and after ceramic veneering. A standardized metal master die simulating a prepared crown was fabricated and twenty impressions of the metal die were made and poured with die stone. Wax patterns were made on ten dies and cast while light cure resin patterns were made on the other ten dies for copy milling the Zirconia copings. Five specimens from each group were subjected to ceramic veneering. All the test specimens were luted on to the fresh dies, embedded in dental plaster, sectioned and image analysis done using scanning electron microscopy. Thereafter statistical analysis is done using student t-test. The linear measurements for internal fit and marginal discrepancy were increased for Zirconia compared with Ni-Cr copings. The difference in the values of all the specimens of all the groups were not statistically significant (P > 0.05) except the values comparing the internal fit of Zirconia and Ni-Cr copings before ceramic veneering (P < 0.001) which was statistically significant. The internal fit and marginal adaptability of Ni-Cr copings were found to be better than the Copy milled Zirconia copings but internal fit and marginal adaptability deteriorated after ceramic veneering.