Molecular mapping of two genes conferring resistance to Phytophthora sojae in a soybean landrace PI 567139B.

TAG. Theoretical and applied genetics. Theoretische und angewandte Genetik

PubMedID: 23689748

Lin F, Zhao M, Ping J, Johnson A, Zhang B, Abney TS, Hughes TJ, Ma J. Molecular mapping of two genes conferring resistance to Phytophthora sojae in a soybean landrace PI 567139B. Theor Appl Genet. 2013;126(8):2177-85.
Phytophthora root and stem rot (PRR), caused by the soil-borne oomycete pathogen Phytophthora sojae, is one of the most destructive diseases of soybean. PRR can be effectively controlled by race-specific genes conferring resistance to P. sojae (Rps). However, the Rps genes are usually non-durable, as populations of P. sojae are highly diverse and quick to adapt, and can be overcome 8-15 years after deployment. Thus, it is important to identify novel Rps genes for development of resistant soybean cultivars. PI 567139B is a soybean landrace carrying excellent resistance to nearly all predominant P. sojae races in Indiana. A mapping population consisting of 245 F2 individuals and 403 F2:3 families was developed from a cross between PI 567139B and the susceptible cultivar 'Williams', and used to dissect the resistance carried by PI 567139B. We found that the resistance in PI 567139B was conferred by two independent Rps genes, designated RpsUN1 and RpsUN2. The former was mapped to a 6.5 cM region between SSR markers Satt159 and BARCSOYSSR_03_0250 that spans the Rps1 locus on chromosome 3, while the latter was mapped to a 3.0 cM region between BARCSOYSSR_16_1275 and Sat_144, approximately 3.0-3.4 cM upstream of Rps2 on chromosome 16. According to the 'Williams 82' reference genome sequence, both regions are highly enriched with NBS-LRR genes. Marker assisted resistance spectrum analyses of these genes with 16 isolates of P. sojae, in combination with the mapping results, suggested that RpsUN1 was likely to be a novel allele at the Rps1 locus, while RpsUN2 was more likely to be a novel Rps gene.