A first in human, safety, pharmacokinetics, and clinical activity phase I study of once weekly administration of the Hsp90 inhibitor ganetespib (STA-9090) in patients with solid malignancies.

BMC cancer

PubMedID: 23530663

Goldman JW, Raju RN, Gordon GA, El-Hariry I, Teofilivici F, Vukovic VM, Bradley R, Karol MD, Chen Y, Guo W, Inoue T, Rosen LS. A first in human, safety, pharmacokinetics, and clinical activity phase I study of once weekly administration of the Hsp90 inhibitor ganetespib (STA-9090) in patients with solid malignancies. BMC Cancer. 2013;13152.
BACKGROUND
This phase I study investigated the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), safety, pharmacokinetics and antitumor activity of ganetespib in patients with solid malignancies.

METHODS
Patients were enrolled in cohorts of escalating ganetespib doses, given as 1 hour IV infusion, once weekly for 3 weeks, followed by a 1-week rest until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Endpoints included safety, pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic parameters and preliminary clinical activity.

RESULTS
Fifty-three patients were treated at doses escalating from 7 to 259 mg/m(2). The most common adverse events were Grade 1 and 2 diarrhea, fatigue, nausea or vomiting. Dose-limiting toxicities (DLT) observed were: one Grade 3 amylase elevation (150 mg/m(2)), one Grade 3 diarrhea and one Grade 3 and one Grade 4 asthenia (259 mg/m(2)). The MTD was 216 mg/m(2) and the recommended phase 2 dose was established at 200 mg/m(2) given IV at Days 1, 8, and 15 every 4 weeks. There was a linear relationship between dose and exposure. Plasma HSP70 protein levels remained elevated for over a week post treatment. Disease control rate (objective response and stable disease at = 16 weeks) was 24.4%.

CONCLUSIONS
Ganetespib is well tolerated as a weekly infusion for 3 of every 4 weeks cycle. The recommended phase II dose is 200 mg/m(2), and is associated with an acceptable tolerability profile.

TRIAL REGISTRATION
NCT00687934.