Surgical treatment of Neer type-II fractures of the distal clavicle: a meta-analysis.

Acta orthopaedica

PubMedID: 23506165

Stegeman SA, Nacak H, Huvenaars KH, Stijnen T, Krijnen P, Schipper IB. Surgical treatment of Neer type-II fractures of the distal clavicle: a meta-analysis. Acta Orthop. 2013;84(2):184-90.
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE
Type-II distal clavicle fractures according to the Neer classification are generally operated because of the high non-union rate after non-operative treatment. Several surgical techniques have been developed in order to reduce the non-union rate and improve functional outcome. This meta-analysis overviews the available surgical techniques for type-II distal clavicular fractures.

METHODS
We searched the literature systematically. No comparative studies were found. 21 studies (8 prospective and 13 retrospective cohort studies) were selected for the meta-analysis. Data were pooled for 5 surgical outcome measures: function, time to union, time to implant removal, major complications, and minor complications.

RESULTS
The 21 studies selected included 350 patients with a distal clavicular fracture. Union was achieved in 98% of the patients. Functional outcome was similar between the treatment modalities. Hook-plate fixation was associated with an 11-fold increased risk of major complications compared to intramedullary fixation and a 24-fold increased risk compared to suture anchoring.

INTERPRETATION
If surgical treatment of a distal clavicle fracture is considered, a fixation procedure with a low risk of complications and a high union rate such as plate fixation or intramedullary fixation should be used. The hook-plate fixation had an increased risk of implant-related complications.