Lenalidomide, bendamustine and prednisolone exhibits a favourable safety and efficacy profile in relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma: final results of a phase 1 clinical trial OSHO - #077.

British Journal of Haematology

PubMedID: 23692564

Pönisch W, Heyn S, Beck J, Wagner I, Mohren M, Hoffmann FA, Lange T, Schmalfeld M, Zehrfeld T, Schwarzer A, Winkelmann C, Edelmann T, Röhrborn R, Hebenstreit K, Al-Ali HK, Jäkel N, Niederwieser D. Lenalidomide, bendamustine and prednisolone exhibits a favourable safety and efficacy profile in relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma: final results of a phase 1 clinical trial OSHO - #077. Br J Haematol. 2013;162(2):202-9.
This phase 1 dose finding study tested a combination of lenalidomide, bendamustine and prednisolone (RBP) in 21 patients in five cohorts with advanced multiple relasped/refractory myeloma (MM) to determine the maximum tolerable dose (MTD) of the combination. The first cohort received a starting dose of lenalidomide 10 mg/d, days 1-21, bendamustine 60 mg/m(2) /d, days 1-2, and prednisolone 100 mg/d, days 1-4. Dose escalation was done in cohorts of three to six patients with lenalidomide dose increasing to 15, 20 and 25 mg, and after reaching 25 mg/d, bendamustine was increased to 75 mg/m(2) . A total of 21 patients were enrolled and all completed at least two cycles. Two patients developed dose-limiting haemotoxicity: one patient on lenalidomide 25 mg/d and bendamustine 60 mg/m(2) and another patient at the highest dose level (lenalidomide 25 mg/d and bendamustine 75 mg/m(2) ). The MTD was not reached. Sixteen patients (76%) responded after at least two cycles of RBP with one stringent complete response (CR), one near CR, five very good partial response and nine partial response. After a median observation time of 16 months, progression-free survival at 18 months was 48% and overall survival was 64%. In conclusion, RBP with lenalidomide 25 mg/d, days 1-21 and bendamustine 75 mg/m(2) days 1-2 is well tolerated in patients with relapsed/refractory MM.