Computational study on thrombus formation regulated by platelet glycoprotein and blood flow shear.

Microvascular research

PubMedID: 23743249

Kamada H, Imai Y, Nakamura M, Ishikawa T, Yamaguchi T. Computational study on thrombus formation regulated by platelet glycoprotein and blood flow shear. Microvasc Res. 2013;8995-106.
Thrombogenesis results from the interaction between glycoprotein receptors and their ligands, although a thrombus is affected by multiple factors such as blood flow, platelet interactions, and changes in ligand characteristics. In this study, we propose a platelet adhesion and aggregation model, focusing on the interaction between the glycoprotein receptor and its ligand. First, we conducted thrombogenesis simulations to compare physiological and pathological conditions. The results suggested that simulations of thrombogenesis differed in distribution, volume, and stability of the thrombus based on disorders of platelet adhesion, aggregation, and the activation. For example, distribution and volume were affected by the activation of GPIIb/IIIa with a GPIb/IX/V deficiency. The thrombus was also unstable, but formed from the upstream side of the injured site, with a GPIIb/IIIa deficiency. Second, we investigated thrombogenesis enhanced by the shear-induced platelet aggregation (SIPA) mechanism. The results demonstrated that the degree of SIPA decreased gradually with thrombus growth in a straight vessel. This result suggests that SIPA is a key hemostasis mechanism in an injured healthy arteriole, although it can lead to the formation of an occlusive thrombus in stenosed vessels.