Degradation of pesticide mixture on modified matrix of a biopurification system with alternatives lignocellulosic wastes.

Chemosphere

PubMedID: 23746365

Urrutia C, Rubilar O, Tortella GR, Diez MC. Degradation of pesticide mixture on modified matrix of a biopurification system with alternatives lignocellulosic wastes. Chemosphere. 2013;92(10):1361-6.
The biobed systems were designed to retain and to degrade pesticides through the properties of a biomixture composed of straw (ST), topsoil and peat (PT) 2:1:1 v/v. The ST is the main substrate in the biomixture, as it allows the proliferation of fungi that promotes pesticide degradation. The use of readily available components in the biomixture is an important aspect to build a biobed. Therefore, potential use of readily available wastes as barley husk (BH), sawdust (SW) and oat husk (OH), as total or partial substitutes of ST were tested in pesticide degradation studies. Metabolite formation and the biological activities were also evaluated. Biomixture composed of OH was highly efficient in pesticide degradation, with t½ values of 28.6, 58.9 and 26.8 d for atrazine (ATZ), chlorpyrifos (CHL) and isoproturon (ISP). On the other hand, comparable for degrading capacities with the ST based biomixture were obtained with SW and BH, but only as partial replacement. Contrarily, high t½ values (more than 100 d) were obtained in biomixtures with total substitution of ST by SW or BH. Metabolite formation was observed in all biomixtures tested, but without clear formation patterns. Moreover, high and stable biological activity was observed in the biomixtures composed of OH. Therefore, our results demonstrated that ST can be partial or totally replaced by OH in the biomixture allowing an efficient degradation of pesticide mixture. However, it is recommended that ST can be only partially replaced by BH and SW in the biomixture to allow efficient pesticide degradation.