Regional heterogeneity of endothelial cells in the porcine vortex vein system.

Microvascular research

PubMedID: 23778200

Tan PE, Yu PK, Cringle SJ, Morgan WH, Yu DY. Regional heterogeneity of endothelial cells in the porcine vortex vein system. Microvasc Res. 2013;8970-9.
PURPOSE
The aim of this study was to investigate whether region-dependent endothelial heterogeneity is present within the porcine vortex vein system.

METHODS
The superior temporal vortex vein in young adult pig eyes were dissected out and cannulated. The intact vortex vein system down to the choroidal veins was then perfused with labels for f-actin and nucleic acid. The endothelial cells within the choroidal veins, pre-ampulla, anterior portion of the ampulla, mid-ampulla, posterior portion of the ampulla, post-ampulla, intra-scleral canal and the extra-ocular vortex vein regions were studied in detail using a confocal microscopy technique. The endothelial cell and nuclei length, width, area and perimeter were measured and compared between the different regions.

RESULTS
Significant regional differences in the endothelial cell and nuclei length, width, area and perimeter were observed throughout the porcine vortex vein system. Most notably, very narrow and elongated endothelia were found in the post-ampulla region. A lack of smooth muscle cells was noted in the ampulla region compared to other regions.

CONCLUSIONS
Heterogeneity in endothelial cell morphology is present throughout the porcine vortex vein system and there is a lack of smooth muscle cells in the ampulla region. This likely reflects the highly varied haemodynamic conditions and potential blood flow control mechanisms in different regions of the vortex vein system.