The association of SNPs in Hsp90ß gene 5' flanking region with thermo tolerance traits and tissue mRNA expression in two chicken breeds.

Molecular biology reports

PubMedID: 23793829

Chen ZY, Gan JK, Xiao X, Jiang LY, Zhang XQ, Luo QB. The association of SNPs in Hsp90ß gene 5' flanking region with thermo tolerance traits and tissue mRNA expression in two chicken breeds. Mol Biol Rep. 2013;40(9):5295-306.
Thermo stress induces heat shock proteins (HSPs) expression and HSP90 family is one of them that has been reported to involve in cellular protection against heat stress. But whether there is any association of genetic variation in the Hsp90ß gene in chicken with thermo tolerance is still unknown. Direct sequencing was used to detect possible SNPs in Hsp90ß gene 5' flanking region in 3 chicken breeds (n = 663). Six mutations, among which 2 SNPs were chosen and genotypes were analyzed with PCR-RFLP method, were found in Hsp90ß gene in these 3 chicken breeds. Association analysis indicated that SNP of C.-141G>A in the 5' flanking region of the Hsp90ß gene in chicken had some effect on thermo tolerance traits, which may be a potential molecular marker of thermo tolerance, and the genotype GG was the thermo tolerance genotype. Hsp90ß gene mRNA expression in different tissues detected by quantitative real-time PCR assay were demonstrated to be tissue dependent, implying that different tissues have distinct sensibilities to thermo stress. Besides, it was shown time specific and varieties differences. The expression of Hsp90ß mRNA in Lingshan chickens in some tissues including heart, liver, brain and spleen were significantly higher or lower than that of White Recessive Rock (WRR). In this study, we presume that these mutations could be used in marker assisted selection for anti-heat stress chickens in our breeding program, and WRR were vulnerable to tropical thermo stress whereas Lingshan chickens were well adapted.