Reductive debromination of tetrabromobisphenol A by Pd/Fe bimetallic catalysts.

Chemosphere

PubMedID: 23791110

Huang Q, Liu W, Peng P, Huang W. Reductive debromination of tetrabromobisphenol A by Pd/Fe bimetallic catalysts. Chemosphere. 2013;92(10):1321-7.
The bimetallic catalysts of micron sizes were synthesized and the rates of tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) transformation were measured under various conditions using a batch reactor system. The results showed that TBBPA was rapidly debrominated to tri-, di- and mono-bromobisphenol A and to bisphenol A (BPA). The pseudo-first-order rate constants normalized to the specific surface area of the catalysts were found to increase as functions of the Pd coverage on the Fe particles and the dosages of the catalysts and the mass of Pd within the reactors. The rate constants were also decreasing as the solution pH increased. At pH 4.2, Pd coverage of 0.022wt% and catalyst dosage of 4gL(-1), 99% of TBBPA was transformed within 2min, and tri-, di-, and mono-bromobisphenol A were detected as the major intermediate products. After reaction for 45min, BPA was the only compound found in this specific system. Meanwhile, the rate constants measured at constant solution pH correlated linearly with the Pd mass introduced to the reactors, regardless of Pd/Fe catalyst dosage or Pd surface coverage. The study suggested that Pd/Fe catalysts could be used for efficiently treating brominated flame retardants extracted from e-wastes.