Characterization of a rare case of Ullrich congenital muscular dystrophy due to truncating mutations within the COL6A1 gene C-terminal domain: a case report.

BMC medical genetics

PubMedID: 23738969

Martoni E, Petrini S, Trabanelli C, Sabatelli P, Urciuolo A, Selvatici R, D'amico A, Falzarano S, Bertini E, Bonaldo P, Ferlini A, Gualandi F. Characterization of a rare case of Ullrich congenital muscular dystrophy due to truncating mutations within the COL6A1 gene C-terminal domain: a case report. BMC Med Genet. 2013;1459.
BACKGROUND
Mutations within the C-terminal region of the COL6A1 gene are only detected in Ullrich/Bethlem patients on extremely rare occasions.

CASE PRESENTATION
Herein we report two Brazilian brothers with a classic Ullrich phenotype and compound heterozygous for two truncating mutations in COL6A1 gene, expected to result in the loss of the a1(VI) chain C2 subdomain. Despite the reduction in COL6A1 RNA level due to nonsense RNA decay, three truncated alpha1 (VI) chains were produced as protein variants encoded by different out-of-frame transcripts. Collagen VI matrix was severely decreased and intracellular protein retention evident.

CONCLUSION
The altered deposition of the fibronectin network highlighted abnormal interactions of the mutated collagen VI, lacking the a1(VI) C2 domain, within the extracellular matrix, focusing further studies on the possible role played by collagen VI in fibronectin deposition and organization.