Microdialysis in the neurocritical care unit.

Neurosurgery clinics of North America

PubMedID: 23809035

Kitagawa R, Yokobori S, Mazzeo AT, Bullock R. Microdialysis in the neurocritical care unit. Neurosurg Clin N Am. 2013;24(3):417-26.
Effective monitoring is critical for neurologically compromised patients, and several techniques are available. One of these tools, cerebral microdialysis (MD), was designed to detect derangements in cerebral metabolism. Although this monitoring device began as a research instrument, favorable results and utility have broadened its clinical applications. Combined with other brain monitoring techniques, MD can be used to estimate cerebral vulnerability, to assess tissue outcome, and possibly to prevent secondary ischemic injury by guiding therapy. This article reviews the literature regarding the past, present, and future uses of MD along with its advantages and disadvantages in the intensive care unit setting.