Correct Assembly of RNA Polymerase II Depends on the Foot Domain and Is Required for Multiple Steps of Transcription in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Molecular and cellular biology

PubMedID: 23836886

Garrido-Godino AI, García-López MC, Navarro F. Correct Assembly of RNA Polymerase II Depends on the Foot Domain and Is Required for Multiple Steps of Transcription in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Mol Cell Biol. 2013;33(18):3611-26.
Recent papers have provided insight into the cytoplasmic assembly of RNA polymerase II (RNA pol II) and its transport to the nucleus. However, little is known about the mechanisms governing its nuclear assembly, stability, degradation, and recycling. We demonstrate that the foot of RNA pol II is crucial for the assembly and stability of the complex, by ensuring the correct association of Rpb1 with Rpb6 and of the dimer Rpb4-Rpb7 (Rpb4/7). Mutations at the foot affect the assembly and stability of the enzyme, a defect that is offset by RPB6 overexpression, in coordination with Rpb1 degradation by an Asr1-independent mechanism. Correct assembly is a prerequisite for the proper maintenance of several transcription steps. In fact, assembly defects alter transcriptional activity and the amount of enzyme associated with the genes, affect C-terminal domain (CTD) phosphorylation, interfere with the mRNA-capping machinery, and possibly increase the amount of stalled RNA pol II. In addition, our data show that TATA-binding protein (TBP) occupancy does not correlate with RNA pol II occupancy or transcriptional activity, suggesting a functional relationship between assembly, Mediator, and preinitiation complex (PIC) stability. Finally, our data help clarify the mechanisms governing the assembly and stability of RNA pol II.