Huntingtin-interacting protein 1 phosphorylation by receptor tyrosine kinases.

Molecular and cellular biology

PubMedID: 23836884

Ames HM, Wang AA, Coughran A, Evaul K, Huang S, Graves CW, Soyombo AA, Ross TS. Huntingtin-interacting protein 1 phosphorylation by receptor tyrosine kinases. Mol Cell Biol. 2013;33(18):3580-93.
Huntingtin-interacting protein 1 (HIP1) binds inositol lipids, clathrin, actin, and receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs). HIP1 is elevated in many tumors, and its expression is prognostic in prostate cancer. HIP1 overexpression increases levels of the RTK epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and transforms fibroblasts. Here we report that HIP1 is tyrosine phosphorylated in the presence of EGFR and platelet-derived growth factor ß receptor (PDGFßR) as well as the oncogenic derivatives EGFRvIII, HIP1/PDGFßR (H/P), and TEL/PDGFßR (T/P). We identified a four-tyrosine "HIP1 phosphorylation motif" (HPM) in the N-terminal region of HIP1 that is required for phosphorylation mediated by both EGFR and PDGFßR but not by the oncoproteins H/P and T/P. We also identified a tyrosine residue (Y152) within the HPM motif of HIP1 that inhibits HIP1 tyrosine phosphorylation. The HPM tyrosines are conserved in HIP1's only known mammalian relative, HIP1-related protein (HIP1r), and are also required for HIP1r phosphorylation. Tyrosine-to-phenylalanine point mutations in the HPM of HIP1 result in proapoptotic activity, indicating that an intact HPM may be necessary for HIP1's role in cellular survival. These data suggest that phosphorylation of HIP1 by RTKs in an N-terminal region contributes to the promotion of cellular survival.