Prevalence of undifferentiated fever in adults of Rawalpindi having primary dengue fever.

JPMA. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association

PubMedID: 23901683

Zafar H, Hayyat A, Akhtar N, Rizwan SF. Prevalence of undifferentiated fever in adults of Rawalpindi having primary dengue fever. J Pak Med Assoc. 2013;63(6):770-1.
The objectives of the study were to highlight early subclinical presentation of dengue viral infection (DVI) as an undifferentiated febrile illness. The descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out at Microbiology Department, Rawalpindi Medical College from March to September 2009. Stratified random sampling was used to select subjects from various urban and rural areas of Rawalpindi, and Serum IgG anti-dengue antibodies were detected by using 3rd generation enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Out of the total 240 subjects, 69 (28.75%) were found to be positive for anti-dengue IgG antibodies. Of the positive cases, 41 (59.4%) - comprising 31 (44.9%) urban residents - and 10 (14.4%) rural residents presented with a previous history of undifferentiated fever (p<0.05). It was concluded that primary DVI can present as subclinical form in healthy population residing in rural and urban areas of Rawalpindi, which is an alarming situation indicating the spread of disease in the study area.