Promoting mental wellbeing: developing a theoretically and empirically sound complex intervention.

Journal of public health (Oxford, England)

PubMedID: 23912464

Millar SL, Donnelly M. Promoting mental wellbeing: developing a theoretically and empirically sound complex intervention. J Public Health (Oxf). 2013;.
BACKGROUND
This paper describes the development of a complex intervention to promote mental wellbeing using the revised framework for developing and evaluating complex interventions produced by the UK Medical Research Council (UKMRC).

METHODS
Application of the first two phases of the framework is described-development and feasibility and piloting. The theoretical case and evidence base were examined analytically to explicate the theoretical and empirical foundations of the intervention. These findings informed the design of a 12-week mental wellbeing promotion programme providing early intervention for people showing signs of mental health difficulties. The programme is based on the theoretical constructs of self-efficacy, self-esteem, purpose in life, resilience and social support and comprises 10 steps. A mixed methods approach was used to conduct a feasibility study with community and voluntary sector service users and in primary care.

RESULTS
A significant increase in mental wellbeing was observed following participation in the intervention. Qualitative data corroborated this finding and suggested that the intervention was feasible to deliver and acceptable to participants, facilitators and health professionals.

CONCLUSIONS
The revised UKMRC framework can be successfully applied to the development of public health interventions.