Carbapenem resistance in Klebsiella pneumoniae not detected by automated susceptibility testing.

Emerging Infectious Diseases

PubMedID: 16965699

Tenover FC, Kalsi RK, Williams PP, Carey RB, Stocker S, Lonsway D, Rasheed JK, Biddle JW, McGowan JE, Hanna B. Carbapenem resistance in Klebsiella pneumoniae not detected by automated susceptibility testing. Emerging Infect Dis. 2006;12(8):1209-13.
Detecting beta-lactamase-mediated carbapenem resistance among Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates and other Enterobacteriaceae is an emerging problem. In this study, 15 blaKPC-positive Klebsiella pneumoniae that showed discrepant results for imipenem and meropenem from 4 New York City hospitals were characterized by isoelectric focusing; broth microdilution (BMD); disk diffusion (DD); and MicroScan, Phoenix, Sensititre, VITEK, and VITEK 2 automated systems. All 15 isolates were either intermediate or resistant to imipenem and meropenem by BMD; 1 was susceptible to imipenem by DD. MicroScan and Phoenix reported 1 (6.7%) and 2 (13.3%) isolates, respectively, as imipenem susceptible. VITEK and VITEK 2 reported 10 (67%) and 5 (33%) isolates, respectively, as imipenem susceptible. By Sensititre, 13 (87%) isolates were susceptible to imipenem, and 12 (80%) were susceptible to meropenem. The VITEK 2 Advanced Expert System changed 2 imipenem MIC results from >16 ?g/mL to <2 ?g/mL but kept the interpretation as resistant. The recognition of carbapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae continues to challenge automated susceptibility systems.