Assessment of the contribution of CFH and chromosome 10q26 AMD susceptibility loci in a Russian population isolate.

British Journal of Ophthalmology

PubMedID: 17050575

Fisher SA, Rivera A, Fritsche LG, Babadjanova G, Petrov S, Weber BH. Assessment of the contribution of CFH and chromosome 10q26 AMD susceptibility loci in a Russian population isolate. Br J Ophthalmol. 2007;91(5):576-8.
BACKGROUND/AIMS
A strong association has been confirmed between age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and variants at two independent loci including Tyr402His in the complement factor H (CFH) on 1q32 and Ser69Ala at LOC387715, a hypothetical gene on chromosome 10q26. The contribution of both loci to AMD was investigated in an isolated north-west Russian population.

METHODS
Together with a PLEKHA1 variant at 10q26, the CFH Tyr402His and LOC387715 Ser69Ala polymorphisms were genotyped in 155 patients with AMD and 151 age-matched controls. chi(2) and Mantel-Haenszel (M-H) score tests were used to test for association. Sex-adjusted ORs were calculated.

RESULTS
The frequency of the Tyr402His C allele was significantly higher in patients with AMD compared with controls (p(M-H)=0.0035). The increased risk observed in patients homozygous for the C allele (OR(HOM)=2.71, 95% CI 1.25 to 5.90) in this indigenous Russian population was considerably lower than that observed in previous western Caucasian populations. A significant increase in the frequency of the LOC387715 variant was observed in patients with late-stage AMD compared with controls (p(M-H)=0.007), with a homozygous OR of 3.47 (95% CI 1.01 to 11.9), although this association was not seen with early-stage AMD.

CONCLUSION
The CFH gene contributes to AMD in this Russian population, although the risk conferred is considerably lower in this population than that found in other Western populations. A contribution of LOC387715 to disease in this population is also likely to be of weak effect.