Evaluation of renal transplant donors with 16-section multidetector CT angiography: comparison of contrast media with low and high iodine concentrations.

Journal of vascular and interventional radiology: JVIR

PubMedID: 17494841

Rau MM, Setty BN, Blake MA, Ouellette-Piazzo K, Hahn PF, Sahani DV. Evaluation of renal transplant donors with 16-section multidetector CT angiography: comparison of contrast media with low and high iodine concentrations. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2007;18(5):603-9.
PURPOSE
To compare the degree of contrast enhancement, image quality, and accuracy of renal computed tomographic (CT) angiography performed with a 16-detector row CT unit and equal iodine doses of low- and high-iodine-concentration contrast medium in the evaluation of renal transplant donors.

MATERIALS AND METHODS
Eighty donors scheduled to undergo renal CT angiography with 16-detector row CT were administered nonionic contrast media with two iodine concentrations. The first group (group A, n=40) received a contrast medium with 300 mg of iodine per milliliter, and the second group (group B, n=40) received a contrast medium with 370 mg of iodine per milliliter. An equal iodine dose of 550 mg per kilogram body weight was given to both groups. Contrast enhancement was quantified by measuring attenuation in the abdominal aorta and in both renal arteries. Subjective assessment of contrast enhancement, quality of reformatted images, and visualization of branch order of renal arteries were rated with a 5-point scale. The number of renal arteries and veins seen at CT was correlated with the results at surgery.

RESULTS
The mean enhancement values in group B were significantly greater (P<.001) than those in group A. The mean HU (+/-standard deviation) in groups A and B were 298+/-76 and 344+/-75, respectively, in the aorta, 284+/-74 and 331+/-71 in the right renal artery, and 285+/-72 and 329+/-73 in the left renal artery. The mean enhancement, image quality, and branch orders visualized were rated better in group B than in group A (P<.01). The accuracies for correctly identifying renal arteries and veins, respectively, were 91% and 95% for group A and 96% and 96% for group B.

CONCLUSION
Renal donor CT angiography with a contrast medium of 370 mg of iodine per milliliter provides greater enhancement and image quality compared with a contrast medium of 300 mg of iodine per milliliter. The diagnostic accuracies were similar.