The cardiovascular effects of cocaine.

Journal of Emergency Medicine

PubMedID: 16029829

Pozner CN, Levine M, Zane R. The cardiovascular effects of cocaine. J Emerg Med. 2005;29(2):173-8.
Cocaine use continues to be prevalent among all races and socioeconomic groups in the United States. Patients presenting to emergency departments after cocaine ingestion frequently present with a chief complaint of chest pain. Although acute myocardial infarction is perhaps the most concerning diagnosis in this setting, there are many other potential causes of chest pain after cocaine ingestion. This article reviews the pharmacology of cocaine, as well as the etiologies and treatment of cocaine-associated chest pain, with an emphasis on this drug's range of cardiovascular effects.