[Health-related quality of life in children with Hymenoptera venom allergy treated with VIT and quality of life of their parents].

Przeglad lekarski

PubMedID: 21591347

Cichocka-Jarosz E, Tobiasz-Adamczyk B, Brzyski P, Lis G, Jedynak-Wasowicz U, Pietrzyk JJ, Ordyk B, Profus K, Lange J, Zagórska W, Kulus M, Swiebocka E, Kaczmarski M, Malaczynska T, Swidzicka O, Breborowicz A, Kycler Z. [Health-related quality of life in children with Hymenoptera venom allergy treated with VIT and quality of life of their parents]. Prz Lek. 2010;67(12):1243-8.
UNLABELLED
Hymenoptera venom allergy, although rare in children, by its potential fatalities, leads to many psychosocial consequences, influencing quality of life of children and their parents. Aim of this paper is the estimation of health-related quality of life of venom allergic children treated with specific immunotherapy, and their parents. Assessment of factors influencing health-related quality of life levels was also performed.

MATERIAL AND METHODS
Sample under study consisted of 73 children: mean age 10.6, SD 2, 4, treated because of Hymenoptera venom allergy in 5 clinical allergy centers in Poland. Data was collected using VQLQ questionnaire adapted for children and their parents. Determinants of quality of life were assessed with multivariate linear and logistic regression models. Analysis were done with SPSS 15 for Windows package.

RESULTS
Girls reported higher level of anxiety than boys (B = 0.47; 95% CI = (0.01; 0.94)). Level of caution in children increased along with increase of their anxiety against re-sting (B = 0.49; 95% CI = (0.27; 0.71)). Level of anxiety of children who were under treatment from 6 months to 2 years was lower than level of anxiety of parents of children treated shorter than 6 months (B = -1.21; 95% CI = (-2.16; -0.25)). The lowest level of caution was reported by parents of children aged 10 year or less (B = -0.86; 95% CI = (-1.67; -0.05)), while the highest was reported by parents of children aged 11 years (B = 0.86; 95% CI = (0.20; 1.53)) in comparison to parents of children aged 12 years or more. Parents' caution increased along with increase of their anxiety (B = 0.61; 95% CI = (0.40; 0.83)). Higher level of limitations was imposed by parents of children treated with rush or ultra rush method, in comparison to parents of children treated with conventional method (B = 1.27; 95% CI = (0.21; 2.33)). Levels of quality of life in children and their parents were strongly dependent in the same dimensions.

CONCLUSIONS
1. Levels of quality of life in particular dimension in children is related to level of the same dimension in parents. 2. Age of children influenced level of caution of their parents. 3. Treatment duration influenced level of anxiety of parents. 4. Safety feeling acquired by parents at the beginning of treatment improves their quality of life in all dimensions.