ATP-Sensitive potassium channels: a review of their cardioprotective pharmacology.

Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology

PubMedID: 10756123

Grover GJ, Garlid KD. ATP-Sensitive potassium channels: a review of their cardioprotective pharmacology. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2000;32(4):677-95.
ATP-sensitive potassium channels (K(ATP)) have been thought to be a mediator of cardioprotection for the last ten years. Significant progress has been made in learning the pharmacology of this channel as well as its molecular regulation with regard to cardioprotection. K(ATP)openers as a class protect ischemic/reperfused myocardium and appear to do so by conservation of energy. The reduced rate of ATP hydrolysis during ischemia exerted by these openers is not due to a cardioplegic effect and is independent of action potential shortening. Compounds have been synthesized which retain the cardioprotective effects of first generation K(ATP)openers, but are devoid of vasodilator and cardiac sarcolemmal potassium outward currents. These results suggest receptor or channel subtypes. Recent pharmacologic and molecular biology studies suggest the activation of mitochondrial K(ATP)as the relevant cardioprotective site. Implications of these results for future drug discovery and preconditioning are discussed.