Lithium cuprate coupling reactions: evaluation of computational methods for determination of the reaction mechanisms.

The journal of physical chemistry. A

PubMedID: 20307073

Pratt LM, Voit S, Mai BK, Nguyen BH. Lithium cuprate coupling reactions: evaluation of computational methods for determination of the reaction mechanisms. J Phys Chem A. 2010;114(14):5005-15.
Several computational methods were evaluated for determining the gas-phase reaction mechanisms of lithium dimethylcuprate and dimethylcuprate anion with chloromethane and vinyl chloride. These methods include the B3LYP and M06 density functional theory (DFT) methods, the unscaled and spin-component-scaled Moller-Plesset perturbation theory (MP2, SCS-MP2, and SCSC-MP2), CCSD, and CCSD(T). The reaction of interest is an oxidative addition of the alkyl or vinyl halide to the Cu(I) species, resulting in a Cu(III) intermediate, which undergoes reductive elimination with coupling of the two alkyl fragments. Three possible oxidative addition pathways were examined, a concerted addition to Cu(I), an S(N)2-like reaction of Cu on the alkyl halide, and a radical mechanism. A concerted reductive elimination step was also investigated.