Electrochemical degradation of specialty chemical industry effluent.

Journal of hazardous materials

PubMedID: 19962826

Basha CA, Soloman PA, Velan M, Miranda LR, Balasubramanian N, Siva R. Electrochemical degradation of specialty chemical industry effluent. J Hazard Mater. 2010;176(1-3):154-64.
Conventional wastewater treatment techniques are inefficient to manage large quantities of refractory organics discharged by specialty chemical industries. It is aimed in the present investigation to compare overall performance of the basic electrochemical reactor configurations such as batch, batch recirculation and continuous recycle reactors, in removing the organic part of wastewater from a medium-scale, specialty chemical industry. The effects of current density, supporting electrolyte concentration, electrolysis duration and fluid flow rate on the pollutant removal and energy consumption performances were critically evaluated. Continuous recycle reactor is found to be the better configuration, because of its flexibility of operation. Circulation flow rate and withdrawal flow rate enable control on transfer coefficients and treatment duration respectively. The ability of artificial neural network (ANN) in predicting the performance of the batch electrochemical treatment has also been demonstrated.