Endocrine tumors of the appendix: a pathologic review.

Archives of pathology & laboratory medicine

PubMedID: 20524865

Deschamps L, Couvelard A. Endocrine tumors of the appendix: a pathologic review. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2010;134(6):871-5.
CONTEXT
Although rare, appendiceal endocrine tumors are the most common neoplasms of the appendix. Pathologic analysis is important for guiding the management of patients.

OBJECTIVE
To provide recent data that focus on the pathology of endocrine tumors of the appendix including classifications and guidelines for patient management.

DATA SOURCES
A review of the recent literature including TNM classifications and patient management guidelines.

CONCLUSIONS
Appendiceal endocrine tumors are separated into 2 main groups: classic endocrine tumors and goblet cell carcinoids. They can be classified according to World Health Organization and TNM classifications. Evaluation of their prognoses and risks of malignancy, according to these classifications, depends on several parameters including tumor size, proliferation rate, and infiltration of appendiceal wall and mesoappendix. Most patients with classic endocrine tumors of the appendix have a favorable prognosis. Indications for postappendectomy, complementary surgery, which are still controversial, especially for tumors between 1 and 2 cm, are presented and discussed. In contrast, in patients presenting with a goblet cell carcinoid, a right hemicolectomy after the initial appendectomy is considered the standard surgical intervention.